Saraighat Bridge – Gateway to the Northeast

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Saraighat Bridge, built with a vision to connect the Northeastern region with rest of India, is the first rail-cum-road bridge constructed over the Brahmaputra River in Guwahati. The Saraighat Bridge is the reason why Guwahati is said to be the Gateway to the Northeast. It was the first bridge built over the river Brahmaputra. It was opened to traffic in the year 1962 by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The Lachit Borphukan Park is situated on the south end and Chilarai Park situated on the north end of the bridge. It is a majestic road cum railbridge maintained by the Northeast Frontier (NF) Railway. This bridge in Guwahati has transformed the profile of the region, enhancing the transport network of the state. The bridge has also played a vital role in the economic growth of Assam’s economy.

The 3,015 metre long road bridge was built for the North Frontier Railway. Construction of Saraighat Bridge was started on January 1958. The Saraighat Bridge over the river Brahmaputra, which is the vital link between North East region and the rest of the country, has completed 50 years of its existence and history. The road is 24 feet wide with six feet wide foot path on both sides. The Bridge is designed to withstand earthquakes up to G 10 in Richter scale.

The bridge was named as Saraighat Bridge from ‘Sarai’, a small village where the old abandoned N.F. Railway station of Amingaon was located. Saraighat is a place near Guwahati in Assam, on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra where the famous Battle of Saraighat was fought between the Mughals and the Ahoms (rulers of Assam from the 12th century for about 600 years) where the Ahoms triumphed.

The bridge proved to be of immense help during the Sino-Indian war, which broke out immediately after the completion of the Saraighat Bridge. As the Indian soldiers were braving the bullets of the Chinese, arms and ammunition, food items were transported to the battle front by means of the Saraighat Bridge.

Significance and Sightseeing

The Saraighat Bridge on the Brahmaputra not only connects the northeast with the rest of the country, but it has also been instrumental in strengthening the bond among the seven NE states. The contribution of the Saraighat Bridge in improving the lives of the people of Assam and in the development of the northeast is immense.

The view of the unfathomable Brahmaputra from the bridge is quite breathtaking. While standing on the bridge and to view the enigmatic river flowing is an enduring sight for your mind. Dawn and dusk is very appealing and memorable moment.


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